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Bali Information
Bali Area Descriptions
:: Candidasa
:: East Bali
:: Gili Island
:: Jimbaran
:: Kuta
:: Legian
:: Lombok Island
:: North Bali
:: Nusa Dua
:: Sanur
:: Seminyak/Kerobokan
:: Tabanan
:: Tanjung Benoa
:: Tuban
:: Ubud
:: West Bali


The Bali Calendar

As WUKU has 7 days fixed, so 6 months in Balinese calender means 210 days and one year means 420 days(instead of 365 days in roman calender)   Most important ceremonies are held in Bali every 30 Wuku or 210 days except NYEPI  which is due every year(420 days)

Sunday Redite 01. SHINTA 09. JULUWANGI 17. KELURUT 25. BALA
Monday Soma 02. LANDEP 10. SUNGSANG 18. MERAKIH 26. UGU
Tuesday Anggara 03. UKIR 11. DUNGULAN 19. TAMBIR 27. WAYANG
Wednesday Budha 04. KULANTIR 12. KUNINGAN 20. MEDANGKUNGAN 28. KELAWU
Thursday Respati 05. TAOLU 13. LAGKIR 21. MATAL 29. DUKUT
Friday Sukra 06. GUMBREG 14. MEDANGSIA 22. UYE 30. WATUGUNUNG
Saturday Saniscara 07. WARIGA 15. PUJUT 23. MENAIL Total: 30 Wuku
    08. WARIGADEAN 16. PAHANG 24. PRANGBAKAT  

 

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Months of the Year

Months of the Year - Called Sasih which means seasons the seasons are;
JANUARY
KAPITU
JULY
KASA
FEBRUARY
KAHULU
AUGUST
KARO
MARCH
KASANGA
SEPTEMBER
KATIGA
APRIL
KADASA
OCTOBER
KAPAT
MAY
JHISTA
NOVEMBER
KALIMA
JUNE
SADHA
DECEMBER
KAAENEM

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New Year, January 1st: The first of January is a national holiday, Indonesians usually celebrate New Year's Eve in various forms and festivities. It is not a traditional celebration.

Idul Fitri: This celebration is based upon the lunar calendar, therefore it does not always fall on the same date or month of the solar calendar. The celebration marks the conclusion of a one-month fasting period which is religiously observed by all Moslems. The celebration follows general prayers at the Mosque after which people visit each other to pay respects and ask their elders and friends for forgiveness. Special foods are prepared for the occasion and eaten in a communal meal. Indonesians celebrate Eidil Fitri for two days as a national holidays.

Proclamation of Independence, August 17th: Similar to the July 4th celebrations in the United States. Each year, august the 17th is celebrated nationwide. The highlight of the celebration is a flag-raising ceremony held at the State Palace, Jakarta. On August 16, the President delivers a State Address to the nation giving the Government's account before the Parliament with regard to domestic as well as foreign policies. Various activities undertaken during the celebrations, cover the fields of: sports, boy scout and girl guide activities, scientific and literary competitions, elections of exemplary teachers, students, social workers, doctors and so forth. Those who succeed in being selected as exemplary persons are given an audience with the President in a celebration held at the Palace. The Proclamation of Independence Day is also commemorated and celebrated by Indonesian Embassies, Consulate Generals and abroad together with members of the Indonesian community.

Christmas: Christmas is celebrated nationwide, particularly by those who profess the Christian faith. Celebrations during Christmas day and the day after, besides the universal way, have a somewhat regional flavor throughout the various cultures in Indonesia.

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OTHER MAJOR RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS:
Major celebrations with respect to other religions are commemorated by those who follow the religions concerned are proclaimed as National Holidays by the Government.

MOSLEM RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS
Idul Adha:
Pilgrimage holiday
The Moslem Day of sacrifices, commemorated with mass prayers at mosque and in town square. Goats and cattle are slaughtered and the meat given to the poor and needy.
Muharram 1st: Islamic New Year
Isra' and Mi'raj of Prophet Mohammad: ascension day
Maulud Nabi: Birthday of Prophet Mohammad.
In Yogyakarta, celebrations to commemorate of the birthday of the Prophet Mohammad, about one week before the actual day, begin with traditional ceremonies, carnivals and festival (Sekaten).
The people of Yogyakarta and surroundings generally believe that those participating in the ceremonies commemorating the birth of the Prophet will be blessed with a good life and youthfulness.
On the first day, starting from 08:00 p.m., two melodiously tuned gamelan sets: Kyai Nogowilogi and Kyai Guntur Madu are played simultaneously in the Sultan's Palace (Keraton) Ponconiti pavilion. At intervals a sermon is given and verses of the Holy Qur'an script are recited.
At midnight, guards of the Keraton escort the two gamelan sets carried in procession from the Ponconiti pavilion to the Masjid Agung or Grand Mosque. At the Masjid Agung yard, Kyai Nogowilogo is put in the north Pagongan and the Kyai Guntur Madu in the south. The two gamelan sets are played simultaneously until the end of the Sekaten festivities is declared at exactly 00:00 (midnight), right after the two gamelan sets are carried back into the Kraton Yogyakarta.
On the day of the birthday of Prophet Mohammad, a parade of the Keraton guards and procession of the Gunungan start from 8:00 a.m. at the Northern Square.

CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS
Good Friday

Ascension day of Jesus Christ

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BUDDHIST HOLIDAYS
Waisak: Buddha's birthday and death
In Yogyakarta, the religious procession starts from the Mendut Temple located about 35 km northwest of Yogyakarta, to the Borobudur temple.
Preceded by the holy fire, the Buddha statue and a Miniature stupa are carried in a procession, followed by the Bikhsus, clad in their yellow robes and members of the Buddhist community bringing with them candles and bundles of flowers. The moment the moon is at it fullest, the principal Holy Waicak ceremony starts, comprising the commemoration of the birth of Prince Sidharta, the moment he reached Buddha-hood when meditating in the Uruvela forest under the Bodhi tree and the moment of his death and ascension to the Nirvana. The Waicak ceremony in Yogyakarta is held at the Marangjati Vihara.

The Bali Nyepi – The Silent Day
In Indonesia Nyepi is only celebrated on the small tourist Island of Bali.  The festivity is the Hindu Dharma New Year of the solar/lunar (Caka) calendar.  The Balinese New Year!
 
The main intention of this ceremony is for the cleansing of the world and the ‘universe’ within men, by praying to God (Hyang Widhi Wasa).  It is also a day to dwell on and augment sincere harmony and acceptance between people, accepting both their similarities and differences.
(more info here...)
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Other national days commemorated include:
Pancasila Sanctity Day, October 1st
Armed Forces Day, October 5th
Youth Pledge Day, October 28th
Hero's Day, November 10th
Mother's Day, December 22nd
National Education Day, May 2nd
National Awakening Day, May 20th
National Children's Day, July 23rd
National Sports Day, September 8th

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BALI FESTIVAS AND EVENTS

Bali has many kinds of events and ceremony, so there will be many chances for tourists to witness this occasions. Just keep an eye on some posters and advertisements that inform about the upcoming events. Most of free tourism magazines and newspapers are available in hotels, shops, travel agents, or even you can find them on the street.

RELIGIOUS FESTIVALS
Odalan:
This festival is held as an anniversary celebration for a temple's founding. Some festivals last a couple of days, while others can last for up to a week. The temple will be decorated with flowers, palm leaves, flags and bamboo towers. Most of them includes noisy parades, food offerings and prayers that will add religious fervor to the festive atmosphere. And to make this occasion more complete, generally there will be dancing, food stalls and other events such as cock-fighting.

Melasti:
This festival is known as a purification festival that is held one day before Nyepi. On this time, villagers will dress with their best clothes and make their way to the sea or holy springs carrying umbrellas, offerings of flowers and fruit, and sacred statues. It is symbolize that all of these activities are carried out amid the din of gamelan and drums, and a great deal of shouting, as on the following day, Nyepi, all must be silent. As an additional information, most of the celebrations are held at Tampaksiring temple.

Eka Dasa Rudra:
This festival is believed as the restoration between good and evil balance, and become the most important ceremony for Balinese people. Acctually this ceremony is originally held every hundred years, but now it is being revised to be hold more frequently.

Non-religious festivals.
Negara bull races:

This is the most exciting event in Negara and is know as "Mekepung" in Balinese. It is usually be held between July and October. The course is a 2-kilometer stretch of road, and the teams are judged for speed and style. Bulls are carefully selected for strength and color, looked after and pampered, and never used for ploughing the fields.
 

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