WUKU has 7 days fixed, so 6 months in Balinese calender
means 210 days and one year means 420 days(instead of
365 days in roman calender) Most important
ceremonies are held in Bali every 30 Wuku or 210 days
except NYEPI which is due every year(420 days)
of the Year - Called Sasih which means seasons
the seasons are;
Year, January 1st: The
first of January is a national holiday, Indonesians
usually celebrate New Year's Eve in various forms and
festivities. It is not a traditional celebration.
Fitri: This celebration
is based upon the lunar calendar, therefore it does
not always fall on the same date or month of the solar
calendar. The celebration marks the conclusion of a
one-month fasting period which is religiously observed
by all Moslems. The celebration follows general prayers
at the Mosque after which people visit each other to
pay respects and ask their elders and friends for forgiveness.
Special foods are prepared for the occasion and eaten
in a communal meal. Indonesians celebrate Eidil Fitri
for two days as a national holidays.
of Independence, August 17th: Similar
to the July 4th celebrations in the United States. Each
year, august the 17th is celebrated nationwide. The
highlight of the celebration is a flag-raising ceremony
held at the State Palace, Jakarta. On August 16, the
President delivers a State Address to the nation giving
the Government's account before the Parliament with
regard to domestic as well as foreign policies. Various
activities undertaken during the celebrations, cover
the fields of: sports, boy scout and girl guide activities,
scientific and literary competitions, elections of exemplary
teachers, students, social workers, doctors and so forth.
Those who succeed in being selected as exemplary persons
are given an audience with the President in a celebration
held at the Palace. The Proclamation of Independence
Day is also commemorated and celebrated by Indonesian
Embassies, Consulate Generals and abroad together with
members of the Indonesian community.
Christmas: Christmas is celebrated nationwide, particularly
by those who profess the Christian faith. Celebrations
during Christmas day and the day after, besides the
universal way, have a somewhat regional flavor throughout
the various cultures in Indonesia.
MAJOR RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS:
Major celebrations with respect to other
religions are commemorated by those who follow the religions
concerned are proclaimed as National Holidays by the
Idul Adha: Pilgrimage holiday
The Moslem Day of sacrifices,
commemorated with mass prayers at mosque and in town
square. Goats and cattle are slaughtered and the meat
given to the poor and needy.
Muharram 1st: Islamic New
Isra' and Mi'raj of Prophet Mohammad: ascension day
Maulud Nabi: Birthday of
In Yogyakarta, celebrations to commemorate of the birthday
of the Prophet Mohammad, about one week before the actual
day, begin with traditional ceremonies, carnivals and
The people of Yogyakarta and surroundings generally
believe that those participating in the ceremonies commemorating
the birth of the Prophet will be blessed with a good
life and youthfulness.
On the first day, starting from 08:00 p.m., two melodiously
tuned gamelan sets: Kyai Nogowilogi and Kyai Guntur
Madu are played simultaneously in the Sultan's Palace
(Keraton) Ponconiti pavilion. At intervals a sermon
is given and verses of the Holy Qur'an script are recited.
At midnight, guards of the Keraton escort the two gamelan
sets carried in procession from the Ponconiti pavilion
to the Masjid Agung or Grand Mosque. At the Masjid Agung
yard, Kyai Nogowilogo is put in the north Pagongan and
the Kyai Guntur Madu in the south. The two gamelan sets
are played simultaneously until the end of the Sekaten
festivities is declared at exactly 00:00 (midnight),
right after the two gamelan sets are carried back into
the Kraton Yogyakarta.
On the day of the birthday of Prophet Mohammad, a parade
of the Keraton guards and procession of the Gunungan
start from 8:00 a.m. at the Northern Square.
Ascension day of Jesus Christ
Waisak: Buddha's birthday
In Yogyakarta, the religious procession starts from
the Mendut Temple located about 35 km northwest of Yogyakarta,
to the Borobudur temple.
Preceded by the holy fire, the Buddha statue and a Miniature
stupa are carried in a procession, followed by the Bikhsus,
clad in their yellow robes and members of the Buddhist
community bringing with them candles and bundles of
flowers. The moment the moon is at it fullest, the principal
Holy Waicak ceremony starts, comprising the commemoration
of the birth of Prince Sidharta, the moment he reached
Buddha-hood when meditating in the Uruvela forest under
the Bodhi tree and the moment of his death and ascension
to the Nirvana. The Waicak ceremony in Yogyakarta is
held at the Marangjati Vihara.
The Bali Nyepi – The Silent Day
In Indonesia Nyepi is only celebrated on the small tourist Island of Bali. The festivity is the Hindu Dharma New Year of the solar/lunar (Caka) calendar. The Balinese New Year!
The main intention of this ceremony is for the cleansing of the world and the ‘universe’ within men, by praying to God (Hyang Widhi Wasa). It is also a day to dwell on and augment sincere harmony and acceptance between people, accepting both their similarities and differences.
(more info here...)
national days commemorated include:
Pancasila Sanctity Day, October 1st
Armed Forces Day, October 5th
Youth Pledge Day, October 28th
Hero's Day, November 10th
Mother's Day, December 22nd
National Education Day, May 2nd
National Awakening Day, May 20th
National Children's Day, July 23rd
National Sports Day, September 8th
FESTIVAS AND EVENTS
Bali has many kinds of events and ceremony,
so there will be many chances for tourists to witness
this occasions. Just keep an eye on some posters and
advertisements that inform about the upcoming events.
Most of free tourism magazines and newspapers are available
in hotels, shops, travel agents, or even you can find
them on the street.
This festival is held as an anniversary celebration
for a temple's founding. Some festivals last a couple
of days, while others can last for up to a week. The
temple will be decorated with flowers, palm leaves,
flags and bamboo towers. Most of them includes noisy
parades, food offerings and prayers that will add religious
fervor to the festive atmosphere. And to make this occasion
more complete, generally there will be dancing, food
stalls and other events such as cock-fighting.
This festival is known as a purification festival that
is held one day before Nyepi. On this time, villagers
will dress with their best clothes and make their way
to the sea or holy springs carrying umbrellas, offerings
of flowers and fruit, and sacred statues. It is symbolize
that all of these activities are carried out amid the
din of gamelan and drums, and a great deal of shouting,
as on the following day, Nyepi, all must be silent.
As an additional information, most of the celebrations
are held at Tampaksiring temple.
This festival is believed as the restoration between
good and evil balance, and become the most important
ceremony for Balinese people. Acctually this ceremony
is originally held every hundred years, but now it is
being revised to be hold more frequently.
Negara bull races:
This is the most exciting event in Negara and is know
as "Mekepung" in Balinese. It is usually be
held between July and October. The course is a 2-kilometer
stretch of road, and the teams are judged for speed
and style. Bulls are carefully selected for strength
and color, looked after and pampered, and never used
for ploughing the fields.